On this day in 1875, Carter G. Woodson was born in Buckingham County, the son of two former slaves. He worked as a farm laborer and a coal miner and taught in the Philippines before earning a master’s degree in European history from the University of Chicago (1908) and then a doctorate from Harvard University (1912). Woodson was the second African American, after W. E. B. DuBois, to be awarded a doctorate in history from Harvard and the first child of formerly enslaved parents to earn a Ph.D. in history.
A version of this post was originally published on December 19, 2011.
IMAGE: Mural near Woodson’s former home in the Shaw neighborhood of Washington, D.C. (Askia Muhammad)